Basic Thai word order is subject + verb + object, just like in English. Adjectives come after the noun that they describe:
Adverbs (words that qualify verbs) come after the verb that they qualify:
Ownership is expressed by stating the owner after the thing being owned:
Either subject or object (or both) can be omitted when they have been established in the context, and omission does not result in a misunderstanding. The tendency to drop unnecessary words extends also to many other language constructs, which you'll encounter later.
Another thing to be aware of is that Thai adjectives can also act as verbs. E.g. the word sǔay can mean "beautiful" or "to be beautiful". Therefore, there is no need for a separate "to be" verb in sentences like:
Nouns do not have different forms for singular and plural. Plurality is either understood from context, or indicated by other constructs, such as by stating the number of items. For a few nouns, plurality can be expressed by repeating the noun:
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